Hyeon-Cheol Henry Kim, DDS, MS, PhD

Relevance of spatial skills in endodontics

 

  • Introduction to spatial skills
  • What the literature tells us
  • Application of principles to endodontics
  • Possible relationship with emerging 3D technologies


Abstract

Spatial ability is “the mental faculty to generate, retain, retrieve and transform well-structured visual images” (Lohman et al. 1994). It is a core component of intelligence (Thurstone 1938) and fundamental to ‘everyday’ tasks, such as navigating to the shop; packing a car boot and assembling flat-packed furniture (Casey 2013). Higher spatial ability enhances comprehension of visual information (Höffler 2010) and technical performance in: architectural design (Salthouse et al. 1990), dentistry (Kozhevnikov et al. 2013), engineering (Sorby et al. 2013), sport (Notarnicola et al. 2013, Langlois et al. 2015) and probably deep learning (Gulabivala).  


Spatial performance is putatively malleable and may be enhanced through training and experience (Uttal et al. 2013). The two-way relationship between spatial ability and dental education showed a positive correlation in restorative dentistry (Hegarty et al. 2009). 


Root canal treatment is famously reliant on tactile skills, without the benefit of direct visual sense of instrumentation. Training and coaching in this domain could be significantly improved by better 3D mental visualisation. Adoption of the emerging technologies in 3D workflows may be influenced by innate spatial skills but conversely, such technology may aid development of spatial skills. The principle could also be readily applied to all branches of dentistry.


Hyeon-Cheol Henry Kim, DDS, MS, PhD

Relevance of spatial skills in endodontics

 

  • Introduction to spatial skills
  • What the literature tells us
  • Application of principles to endodontics
  • Possible relationship with emerging 3D technologies


Abstract

Spatial ability is “the mental faculty to generate, retain, retrieve and transform well-structured visual images” (Lohman et al. 1994). It is a core component of intelligence (Thurstone 1938) and fundamental to ‘everyday’ tasks, such as navigating to the shop; packing a car boot and assembling flat-packed furniture (Casey 2013). Higher spatial ability enhances comprehension of visual information (Höffler 2010) and technical performance in: architectural design (Salthouse et al. 1990), dentistry (Kozhevnikov et al. 2013), engineering (Sorby et al. 2013), sport (Notarnicola et al. 2013, Langlois et al. 2015) and probably deep learning (Gulabivala).  


Spatial performance is putatively malleable and may be enhanced through training and experience (Uttal et al. 2013). The two-way relationship between spatial ability and dental education showed a positive correlation in restorative dentistry (Hegarty et al. 2009). 


Root canal treatment is famously reliant on tactile skills, without the benefit of direct visual sense of instrumentation. Training and coaching in this domain could be significantly improved by better 3D mental visualisation. Adoption of the emerging technologies in 3D workflows may be influenced by innate spatial skills but conversely, such technology may aid development of spatial skills. The principle could also be readily applied to all branches of dentistry.

Curriculum Vitae

Hyeon-Cheol Henry Kim, DDS, MS, PhD

Dr. Kim graduated from Pusan National University School of Dentistry, South Korea. He finished the Resident program at the Pusan National University Hospital and received his PhD degree at the same University. He started his professor position in the Department of Conservative Dentistry from 2004 and presently he is the Chair in this department and also taking in charge of Vice Dean at the Pusan National University School of Dentistry from 2015.


Dr. Kim has published many articles in the international journals such as Journal of Endodontics, International Endodontic Journals. and etc. H
is main Research Scope encompasses NiTi endodontic instruments, Fracture resistance, Fatigue analysis, Endodontic materials, Clinical endodontics


Curriculum Vitae

Hyeon-Cheol Henry Kim, DDS, MS, PhD

Dr. Kim graduated from Pusan National University School of Dentistry, South Korea. He finished the Resident program at the Pusan National University Hospital and received his PhD degree at the same University. He started his professor position in the Department of Conservative Dentistry from 2004 and presently he is the Chair in this department and also taking in charge of Vice Dean at the Pusan National University School of Dentistry from 2015.


Dr. Kim has published many articles in the international journals such as Journal of Endodontics, International Endodontic Journals. and etc. H
is main Research Scope encompasses NiTi endodontic instruments, Fracture resistance, Fatigue analysis, Endodontic materials, Clinical endodontics